Question for Tuesday, July 06, 1999
If you were asked to name the three most important things to remember when
giving interviews, what would they be?
- Prepare well, allowing adequate time to plan and revise.
- Keep your questions simple and direct, but open-ended.
- Avoid leading questions.
Question for Wednesday, July 07, 1999
In what ways is the portrayal of meaning in complex data enhanced through
the use of visual representations of qualitative models?
- simultaneously represent coexisting realities;
- illustrate multiple layers of meaning;
- stimulate a wider variety of neural processes;
- balance textual and visual interpretations;
- add extra dimensions of interpretation;
- provide a source of new thoughts, different ways of thinking
Question for Thursday, July 08, 1999
How can anyone know that given qualitative research results are trustworthy
and are safe to put into practice?
Validity, reliability and ethics: (Merriam p218,219)
1. Internal Validity - congruence with reality
- checking interpretations with individuals interviewed or observed
- staying on-site over a period of time
- asking peers to comment on emerging findings
- involving participants in all phases of the research
- clarifying researcher biases and assumptions
2. Reliability - consistency with findings
- explain assumptions and underlying theory
- leave an audit trail - how the study was conducted, how the findings were
derived from the data
3. External Validity - generalizability
- still much debated, what are the alternatives to the statistical notion of
- working hypotheses
- concrete universals
- naturalistic generalization
- user or reader generalizability
- the burden being ethical in the conduct and dissemination of qualitative
research lies with the individual investigator
- regulations cannot tell a researcher:
- when questioning is becoming coercive
- when to intervene in abusive or illegal situations
- how to ensure that findings will not be used to anyone's detriment
- a researcher can only be aware of the ethical issues, examine his/her
philosophical orientation, and be honest to self.
Return to 5b2 EDRM605 Qualitative Research
Created: Sunday, July 25, 1999 05:51 PM
Thursday, January 31, 2002 10:03 PM