Day 1 - Monday, July 13, 1998
Session 3: Discusison of the IDP - Shirley Freed
Session 4: Application of Technology - Jim Tucker
Day 2 - Tuesday, July 14, 1998
Session 1: What is a leader? - Jim Tucker
Session 3: Research & Leadership - Jerome Thayer
Session 5: Teaching and Learning are not synonymous - Jim Tucker
Day 3 - Wednesday, July 15, 1998
Session 1: The Educational Process - Tucker
Session 3: "Research on Educational Innovations" - Bill Green
Session 4: Writing the Vision - Shirley Freed
Day 4 - Thursday, July 16, 1998
Session 2: "Research on Educational Innovations" - Bill Green
Session 5: "The Leadership Engine" - Elsie Jackson
Session 6: Wrap-up - Bill Green
Day 5 - Friday, July 17, 1998
Session 1: Socio-Political Reality - Jim Tucker
Session 2: Models of Teaching - Bill Green
Session 3: Discussion on Dissertation - Faculty Team
Day 6 - Thursday, July 23, 1998
Session 1: Social Competence
Session 2: Models of Teaching (cont) - Bill Green
Day 7 - Friday, July 24, 1998
Session 1: Confluent Learning - Jim Tucker
IDP - Individual Development Plan
See also Day 3, Session 4
General John M. Loh's definition has a powerful simplicity:
"Leadership is the art of creating a working climate that inspires others to achieve extraordinary goals and levels of performance."
"A leader is a mover and shaker who facilitates and empowers growth and improvement in other people or organizations, bridging between what is and what will be."
"A leader is a person that exerts influence that changes lives and destiny through service moved by love."
"A leader is one who inspires others through instruction and modeling. He/she convinces motivates and/or persuades others to act without being manipulative."
"Leader: Someone who inspires followers."
"One who has followers, manages resources, is looked upon for inspiration, motivation, and vision to achieve objectives."
"A leader is someone who creates an environment that motivates a team to achieve a common goal, a shared vision."
Leadership is a function, not a position.
Persecution: "The doctrine which, from the very first origin of religious dissensions, has been held by all bigots of all sects, when condensed into a few words, and striped of all rhetorical disguise, is simply this: I am in the right, and you are in the wrong. When you are stronger.
IDP Research Competencies: 5a, b & c
Quantitative Research (Bill & Shirley stress qualitative research)
Quantitative Research - Jerry stresses this
BOTH are important, need both
The type of research that goes in the IDP can be based on what you like, what you are good at, advice from other students and advisor. Take it all into account. Include philosophical considerations, study topic area.
"Hegemony of the Narrative"
Definitions of both types of researchers - humorous, over the top, stereotype
Definition of Research
Process of gathering data to reach a conclusion.
Qualitative researchers generally say there is no truth. So attitudes and beliefs about truth affect research method chosen.
1. What is truth?
Write a statement about teaching that is true.
Alternating lecture-style presentations with participative, workgroup-style activities is effective in many situations.
Is this a true statement? It depends.
Truth is something that could be falsified if I could collect enough data. There is a contradictory statement that could be true.
2. Does Truth exist?
3. What should a leader's attitude be towards truth?
4. What should leaders base their leadership on if not truth?
100= I fully believe the statement is true, 0=false
1.100 I am a man
2. 90 I am a Christian
3. 9 God exists
4. 60 I am concrete sequential person
5. 50 Bill Clinton is guilty of the charges
4 Ways of knowing things
1. Scientific Method for arriving at truth
Alternatives to using scientific method
Qualitative research more at beginning and at end
Moving from exploratory through to confirmatory research
IQ of 50-70 is sufficient to master basic (grade 3) reading, writing and arithmetic. So why do so many children fail to master these skills despite having levels of intelligence substantially higher?
Answer: It's something other than intelligence, something in the environment,
often the teaching.
S. Jay Samuels says poor teaching, not necessarily poor teachers.
Intelligence is: "What intelligence tests measure"
What is education?
Education: educatus, educare = to bring up, rear or train a child
e = out
sducare = to lead, draw or bring
It is to bring out what is inside, not the pouring in of what is outside.
Faith makes truth out of uncertainty.
If there is such a thing as absolute truth is something that is always true, or else it is not truth.
A person can make a statement that is truth for them. But what they believe may not be truth.
Uncertainty drives us towards truth. Truths are the connection between the known and the unknown. The relationship between truth and uncertainty is a change agent.
Truth is unveiled from uncertainty.
Relationship between truth and uncertainty is like steps in the learning process.
Uncertainty is a pathway to truth. They are fluid terms that can change. I believe in absolute truth and that there is no difference between 100% and 99% (inconsistent!)
Truth, knowledge, information, data (facts)
In data processing terms there is a progression. How do these terms relate to Truth?
Uncertainty is what makes the difference between truth and belief. Uncertainty makes it possible for difference beliefs to exist. A leader will encounter differences in beliefs because of uncertainty.
Uncertainty is the engine that drives change. In any decision, there will be alternate, even opposing views. These should be welcomed and valued as rich sources of ideas.
Synergy = the whole is greater than the sum of the parts
(Sx)2 > Sx2 (1 + 2 + 3) 2 > 12 + 22 + 32
Three most important ideas
Three most surprising
Caution is a good word when new fads come round.
Curriculum decision-makers are usually not well-based in research.
Why do teachers jump so quickly on the band wagon?
What do you agree with?
What do disagree with?
Warren Bennis "On Becoming A Leader"
A leader has a guiding vision
P47 What is true for leaders is true for all of us. We are the raw material we have to work with.
Further notes on the IDP:
This section documents your credits. It has your transcripts, course records, including transfer credits.
Sort the competencies according to:
Record results/feedback that shows/demonstrates we have achieved the competencies.
-evaluations, surveys, letters, statistics, journalling, regional groups
There is an objective aspect - you said you would do it, you did it, here is what you did:
Bring a personal transformation story - talk about a change
How many credits for a faculty visit?
40 hours per credit for independent study.
30 hours per credit if faculty lead - 10 in class, 20 outside
Ask for a master schedule of regional meetings.
"Change occurs in two primary ways; through trust and truth or through dissent and conflict…Positive change requires trust, clarity, and participation." Warren Bennis.
Change - conflict to trust.
"I see four capacities required for building greater change capacity: personal vision-building, inquiry , mastery, and collaboration." Fullan, M. (1993), Change Forces.
Personal mastery means continually
The relationship between the first two capacities - personal vision and inquiry involves the ability to express and extend
Collaboration is essential for personal learning.
Utility, practicality, connection between the Research on Innovations book and your field of leadership
My field is not education, BUT
I Intuition or feeling
L Logic, rational
R Revelation - written and personal
Beliefs are arrived at by consensus or congruence or coherence or utility of practice - this is ways we come to know things. C3U/P
Types of research traditions:
From the class (some of these are methodologies within a tradition)
We will classify these according to thought processes used and philosophical basis.
Which should you use? Use what you have been taught/trained to use. But we need to use at least one from both quantitative and qualitative.
Leadership is the capacity to getting things done through others by engaging people's mindsets and energizing them to action.
What it took me/us to become successful
Ability to communicate it
Helping others to clarify their vision
Characteristics of Leaders
Definitions of Inductive, Deductive, Adductive (metaphoric thought) Abductive
Read the OBE article
Abductive: I found 3 meanings related to this word.
Adductive also seemed to have something to do with reasoning, logic and proof, as well as muscles. An adduction is a bringing forward of arguments.
Logic - inference from a general rule or principle. A person using deduction reasons from general laws to particular cases. Example: All animals die; this cat is an animal; therefore this cat will die.
There is only one conclusion.
Reasoning from particular facts to a general rule or principle. Every induction is a speculation and it guesses at a unity which the facts present but do not strictly imply. (J. Bronowski)
Uses analogies. Gap Analysis, where there are multiple conclusions, uses this.
Quantitative Research - Deductive reasoning
Qualitative Research - Inductive and Abductive reasoning
Other non-sciences - arts and humanities
How do you get from a principle to a particular case?
Three world religions - Judaism, Christians, Moslems. All have similar beliefs in the Old Testament. But they will die or kill for the differences.
Socio-political reality is at the basis of our beliefs.
Leaders must be able to "encounter" all world views.
"Healing Words" by Larry Dossey
Seeds that were prayed over, before or after planting, grew better than the
control not prayed over.
Religious persuasion made no difference to the outcome.
3 conditions - control, specific intercessory prayer, general "Thy will be done"
Quant & qual ind & abd
Experimental & quasi experimental
Quant & qual
Quant & qual ind & abd
Quant & qual
Quant & qual
single-subject research design
statistics - systematic observation
Qual Ind (mostly) or abd
Qual ind & abd
Shirley Freed Potluck Sabbath lunch
6371 Long Lake Road
Most people have some evidence used to support their competencies in their dissertation, plus some additional evidence. Some have a fully integrated dissertation/portfolio.
This includes the 3 research areas. If Dissertation is part of proof of competencies, it will be presented here also, but this is separate from the dissertation defense.
Select a topic and a committee, write it on a yellow form. Name of topic and names of people who have agreed to serve on your committee. Followed by a description of the topic. That gets entered. You can then register for research courses.
Proposal then gets approved. It is whatever your chair agrees. Can be up to 3 chapters of your dissertation. This is the ticket to do the research, do the study.
When finished, committee will review dissertation and decide if it is ready to defend.
How many pages?
Bill would read 180 pages (no more). Can be written with more or less.
Jim: 150-250. Longer is unweildly. Shorter may be valid in very hard sciences.
Shirley: who finishes? Single people finish faster. Get a focus and get it early.
There are books on how to write dissertations. There is a blue book in the Book store. Buy it.
What is my teachable point of view on regional groups?
A source of diversity, for richness of ideas. For the "lichen effect" (synergy) to take place, members of the group need to have different things to offer to the group. Tichy p50 definition.
Whole - part - whole
Do something rather than be something.
Stephanie said this:
Interview for a documentary on diversity, as an expert on diversity, to get our teachable point of view for diversity in the workplace
For the "lichen effect" or synergy to take place, members of the group need to have different things to offer to the group. Diversity is a source of originality and richness of ideas. The value is the group is greater than the sum of the parts, but only when the parts are not all clones.
The energy comes from the excitement of dealing with new and different ways of thinking about things.
Nothing ever gets better by continuing to do things the same old way, but only when appropriate changes are made. Edge, in the sense of competitive edge, can be gained and sustained by energetically developing ideas that come from your core values.
Martin Luther King Jr. letter - resist injustice - Injustice anywhere is a threat to injustice everywhere.
"If teaching were the same as telling, we'd all be so smart we couldn't stand ourselves." Robert Mager
Word picture of what you see going on in training sessions - any kind of
What is the teacher doing, and what are the students doing?
Gary Smalley presentations have lots of personal illustrations, and he specifically teaches use of word pictures in relationships.
Teachers use multiple media, presentation styles, activities.
"Vision without technique is blind"
What is going on in a classroom?
I want to add: activities, group and individual. Achieving the teaching goals with only these things (92%) is tough, and limited in effectiveness.
Cognitive ability - Bloom
Knowledge: recognize, match
Comprehension: K + recall, translate
Application: taking something from one environment and use it in another environment
Analysis: break things down into constituent parts
Synthesis: take the parts and put them together, in a logical but maybe different way
Evaluation: able to make judgements and defend them in front of knowledgeable peers
How far down this list can we get using the lecture technique?
"There has been more information produced in the last 30 years than during the previous 5000."
"The information supply available to use doubles every 5 years."
"Computer power is now 8000 times less expensive that it was 30 years ago."
Design a staff/professional development program, chose a teaching model
Identify the major steps you would take them through to learn.
Training Model – Bruce Joyce
What are the general outcomes that you want people to have?
Reasons why job training fails
Lack of intensity
Lack of follow-up
On the need for change…
The world we have made as a result of the level of thinking
"Where there is no vision, the people perish." Proverbs 29:18 (KJV)
Where everything comes together and there is a balance.
Two Gods? The boring (to a child) God in meetings, and the God of the outdoors. All the pictures Jim's father put in his Bible are pictures of Jesus outdoors. But they are the same God.
Lessons from nature. Learn collaboration from the ants.
Sunlight ->Flowers->nectar->honey->bees wax->candle->light
Wax moth intruder
Vigilance against intruders, or our light will be stolen.
Life is interconnected; there is a chain of interdependencies.
Cardinal and Robin built a nest together, laid eggs together, shared incubation.
This was a rarity, an aberration in nature.
Life will have surprises. Expect them. The lesson is in the unexpectedness.
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Advisor Bill Green
1st choice team Loretta Johns
2nd choice team David Penner
Regional meetings - always plan to have something signed off on the ISP.